Post-EX7     Fri 14. September 2018

Visit of the mineral collection and the archabbey of St. Peter in Salzburg
Guide: Korbinian Birnbacher, Norbert Urban

The archabbey St. Peter in Salzburg is the oldest monastery in the German-speaking area.  The monastic community currently comprises 22 monks and about 80 employees. A special feature is the large mineral collection, comprising about 10.800 minerals, 2.375 rocks, and 3.500 fossils, which is exhibited in the monastery rooms. Archabbot Korbinian Birnbacher and custodian Norbert Urban will guide through the mineral exhibition and the impressive rooms of the prelature.


Pre-EX4     Sun 09. September 2018    1 day

Structural geology in the Underground - Excursion to the largest ice cave in the world
Guide: Peter Pointner

Meeting point:

6:45 University of Salzburg, Hellbrunner Str. 34 or
07:30 Parking at the Eisriesenwelt visitor centre in Werfen (Arrival by train to Werfen with arrival from Salzburg at 06:55 and 07:15 -> from there pick up and transport to the Eisriesenwelt car park)

Programme items:
Guided tour through the ice part (approx. 1 km), structural geology underground in the main course of the cave (approx. 1 km), explanation Eastern Alps panorama, debriefing with lecture about the caves of the Tennengebirge.

Language: German, short explanations in English

Suitable mountain equipment for a stay in an alpine cave of approx. 4 h (temperature +1°C, darkness, dirt). Sturdy shoes (mountain boots), long trousers, jacket, hood, gloves, helmet, headlight (headlamp), warm drinks. A limited number of lamps and helmets can be provided.

Program sequence:
07:30 Meeting point visitor centre Eisriesenwelt and walk approx. 20min to the valley station of the Eisriesenwelt
08:00 Cable car ride to the Oedl-Haus and walk to the cave entrance (approx. 20 min)
08:30 - 09:30 Guided tour through the ice section of the Eisriesenwelt
09:30 - 12:00 Inspection and visit of structural geological outcrops in the main course
12:00 - 12:30 Way back from the cave
12:30 - 13:00 Eastern Alps Panorama
13:00 - 14:30 Break at the Oedl-Haus (food available)
14:30 - 15:30 Lecture Caves of the Tennengebirge at the Oedl-Haus
16:00 Cable car ride into the valley (end of excursion at the Eisriesenwelt visitor centre)


Post-EX6    Fri 14. - Sun 16. September 2018    3 days

Comparison of the Jurassic and  Lower Cretaceous successions of the Eastern Alps and the Transdanubian Range - Similarities and differences
Guide: Géza Császár

The Transdanubian Range was part of a huge carbonate platform until the earliest Early Jurassic. The first signal of the opening of the Penninic Ocean is the break of the carbonate platform system. The result of this process is the differentiation of the sedimentary environments into highs with comparatively thin, discontinuous and into deeper-water areas with condensed lithofacies, and thicker, less condensed successions.

There are great differences in thickness and also in lithology of the Jurassic lithostratigraphic units in southwest and northeast direction in the Transdanubian Range.

The shallowing tendency started in the Tithonian and continued in the Early Cretaceous in the entire territory of the Transdanubian Range. In the Gerecse Mts flysch-type clastic succession developed in the Early Cretaceous, with limestone fragments containing colonial fossils too. In subsurface conditions this succession also found in South Slovakia too. These successions are similar to those in the Eastern Alps too.  

During this time in the South-Bakony, completely different formations developed (Mogyorósdomb Limestone Fm), which is getting thicker and more and more similar to that of the South-Alpine development.



Post-EX3     Fri 14. September 2018    1 day

Sediment-landform associations of major glaciations in the North Alpine Foreland
Guide: Bernhard Salcher

The North Alpine Foreland was repeatedly covered by massive piedmont during at least four Quaternary glacial maxima. The easternmost of these alpine foreland glaciers, the Salzach glacier lobe expanded to more the 1000 km². The deposited sediments show extraordinary preservation which relate to the classical “Günz, Mindel, Riss and Würm” glaciation. This field trip to the deposits of the former Salzach glacier lobe, highlights some exceptional sediment-landform associations over these glacial maxima, providing insights into the glacial dynamics and the glaciofluvial impact of such a major lobe.

Natural cave in fluvial outwash of the most extensive glaciation Mindel

Natural cave in fluvial outwash of the most extensive glaciation (Mindel). Picture: B.Salcher


Post-EX4    Sat 15. September 2018    1 day

Sedimentation and tectonics in the type-Gosau basin (Upper Cretaceous – Paleogene), Northern Calcareous Alps
Guide: Michael Wagreich

This one-day field trip examines the type locality of the Gosau Group in respect of its sedimentary fill, stratigraphy and tectonic setting, deposited during and after major tectonism in the Austroalpine unit of the Northern Calcareous Alps. Selected outcrops of Upper Cretaceous to Paleogene rocks of the Gosau type-locality will be visited, and controls on sedimentation, sediment provenance and faulting will be discussed as well as the significance for Alpine orogeny. Sediments include terrestrial conglomerates, shallow-water fossiliferous marls up to deep-water mass-flow deposits. Sediment provenance changes from local to ophiolite-influenced to exhuming Austroalpine basement units. Basin margin faults for an early pull-apart basin formation phase, and later regional subsidence due to large-scale tectonism will be discussed.


Red pelagic marly limestones of the Nierental Formation in the Postalm section

Red pelagic marly limestones of the Nierental Formation in the Postalm section. Picture: M.Wagenreich


View from the Lake Gosau to the Triassic Dachstein Mountain and the Gosaukamm margin of the Cretaceous Gosau basin

View from the Lake Gosau to the Triassic Dachstein Mountain and the Gosaukamm, margin of the Cretaceous Gosau basin. Picture: M.Wagenreich

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CBGA 2018 - Geology

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Salzburg Geology Group    Naturwissenschaftliche Fakultt Foto Scheinast
Hellbrunnerstrasse 34
5020 Salzburg

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